X-rays are nothing but a component of electromagnetic radiations. But, radio waves and light waves are also a part of electromagnetic radiation. However, x-rays, unlike light waves, hold the potential to permeate the entire body because of higher energy within them. It is almost been a century when x-rays first got found to be used for medical diagnostic purposes. And those have continued to be an important diagnostic tool in regards to diagnosis or treatment of different ailments and injuries. Varied areas that utilize x-rays
Radiography is one of the most frequent x-ray methods, wherein an x-ray beam is made with an x-ray machine. This beam is focused in the individual’s body part being analyzed and then in a particular film with a purpose to form a picture. Radiography tests are those tests that expose patients to minimal radiation dose, thereby shielding them against any danger. Mammography is part of radiography, which can be conducted in the event of diagnosis of breast cancer. While the test introduces the individual into a small risk, it aids in early detection of breast cancer, thus saving many lives.
X-rays are used in Fluoroscopy to form a moving image on a TV screen. The health care provider may save pictures or complete video. Fluoroscopy is very beneficial when it comes to analyzing the intestine or obtaining moving blood pictures in blood vessels. So as to get pictures of leg or heart arteries in an angiogram, the physician may inject an iodine-based dye. Fluoroscopy may even assist in directing therapies like nephrostomy, obstructed kidney drainage, an angioplasty, or a narrowed tumor growth. In comparison with radiography, but the radiation doses could be somewhat greater.
- Computed Tomography CT
In case of CT scan or Computed Tomography, the individual is made to lie on a narrow table which goes through a round hole in the scanner. Small x-ray beams traverse a body’s part to sensors’ banks. Within the machine, detectors together with xrd analysis rotate around and the body part picture is produced by a computer, which may be found on a TV screen. The patient is transferred through the hole so that pictures of different body pieces could be taken.
- Nuclear medicine
When it comes to Nuclear medicine or isotope scan, an x-ray machine is not used. Instead, an isotope i.e. a small dose of radioactive material is inserted into a vein, which is centered on a specific tissue or organ. After a few days, the radioactivity in the patient’s body decreases to report insignificant amounts. Storage of individual images is quite important, as you need a secure system which meets HIPPA requirements for individual confidentiality of records in addition to disaster recovery in case of a fire, flood or earthquake. An office administrator may also be responsible for passwords and usernames for all employees authorized to use the system, to be able to add a layer of safety.